5G network in the smart city, how important is it?

Importance of 5G in Smart cities

This article talks about the importance of 5G which allows faster download and upload speeds. In the future, a vehicle can communicate and provide information to other vehicles such as traffic jams etc. Authorize the cities to use artificial intelligence to collect and analyse data and can also control the infrastructure of road services. It also increases public safety through surveillance by drones. Its main aim is to reduce risk in hazardous environments. This network is important for public organizations in military airfields and in healthcare services. It can also detect water flow as a result of which calamities like tsunamies. It also helps in reducing commute times. 5G make use of shorter antennas rather than 4G.

What is 5G and why it is so vital?

This network refers to 5th-Generation Wireless Systems which allows faster download and upload speeds. Vehicle to vehicle communication is enabled due to 5G. That is in the future a vehicle can communicate and provide information to other vehicles about road conditions and this could change and save thousands of life.

Vehicle to vehicle communication is enabled due to 5G
Vehicle to vehicle communication is enabled due to 5G

How 5G will influence the cities?

Jason Elliott, 5G market Development Manager for Nokia said that advanced 5G will empower the cities to use artificial intelligence to collect and analyse data and can also control the infrastructure of road services.

In addition, Jefferson Wang, the Managing Director at Accenture Strategy also explained that 5G is capable to aid the cities do to more with the same amount of budget.

Moreover, it increases public safety by involving drones for surveillance. It can be connected to a network communicating with the traffic signals as said by Mike Zeto, the General Manager of smart cities for AT&T.

5G increases public safety by involving drones for surveillance and can be connected to a network communicating with the traffic signals
5G increases public safety by involving drones for surveillance and can be connected to a network communicating with the traffic signals

It also uses unique radio frequencies which are more directional and higher than 4G. 5G also uses shorter wavelengths i.e antennas can be shorter than 4G. It has a low latency, remote control of heavy machines and its main aim is to reduce risk in hazardous environments.

Some government organizations will have to take the help of 5G technology because it is important for military airfields to share bandwidth with civilians securely. Some healthcare services can also be revolutionized, a case in point through earlier detection of various life-taking diseases.

Reasons why smart cities are choosing 5G for its development

  • high data rates (in the order of gigabits per second),
  • low latency (web pages can load in a millisecond)
  • high reliability,
  • support for many devices in small areas, and
  • low energy consumption.

5G networks can also self-modulate its power mode, for instance its low when not in use and high when we are streaming HD video, making devices more user-friendly.

How 5G will reduce cost?

According to a white paper from Accenture, smart city solutions which was applied to manage vehicle traffics and electrical grids can alone generate $160 billion in benefits and savings by reducing energy usage, traffic jams and fuel costs. As a consequence, commute times will reduce and public safety will also be improved.

In the first quarter of 2019, we will get to see more 5G roll outs as stated by Mike Zeto the CTO of Nokia. It will allow government organizations, private sector companies and cities to operate more efficiently.

To conclude, 5G can generate a number of new applications and business cases for companies in the future. For instance, high-definition video or imagery and voice can replace the keyboard as the principal computing input mechanism. 5G can also detect water flow as a result of which calamities like tsunamies can be managed due to its power and speed.

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