Smart Buildings: the evolution and challenges

Smart Building: the evolution and challenges

We now have a building with better connectivity along with other facilities. We sometimes feel like the science fiction movie is becoming a reality. Smart Buildings makes our life easier because it is equipped with smart technologies.

Lets see how Smart Buildings are improving our life!

Smart Buildings
Smart Buildings

Security has increased to such a way that we now require badges to get into specific areas or building. Solar panels are used to produce electricity and smart meters for lower bills. Before, the buildings offered very basic services. The aim of smart building is to facilitate the life of their residents for a better living.

Benefits of Smart Buildings are immeasurable

Smart buildings-Benefits
Smart buildings-Benefits

We cannot measure the benefits of a Smart Building. iBMS, ‘i’ which stands for integration can disable the lift systems automatically in case of fire and opens emergency exits, ensuring the safety of the building’s occupants. The building adapt with all weather conditions and can monitor the heating system for energy savings. The overall aim is to reduce energy consumption and promote lifestyle.

IBMS
IBMS

Challenges involved in a Smart Building

Smart Buildings- Challenges
Smart Buildings- Challenges

However, evolution does not provide 100% security. According to Memoori.com, a sudden development of smart devices has increased cyber-risk. Based on the research, an estimate of global revenues for Smart Building cyber security will reach $8.65 billion in 2021, which is costly. BBC world published a recent cyber attack in 2019, where more than half of British firms reported cyber-attacks.

The cost is high to employ physical hardware, as well as perform necessary outfitting, construction etc in a smart building. Furthermore, outfitting IoT can raise cybersecurity risk that might alone deter companies from transforming their buildings.

Another challenge is, understanding the scope of the Information Technology and Operations Technology integration.

Furthermore, change of building automation, for instance, by introducing protocols like BACnet, but most of the building services are still operating as silos. The reason behind is the security fears. Also, contractors want to secure future maintenance revenues by the use of legacy systems with little transparency.

Smart Building needs to take into account the following main points:

Precautions to be taken in a Smart Building
Precautions to be taken in a Smart Building
  • increasing visibility – it is important to note who is coming and leaving the network. We must also get a clear footprint of their status and activities. Visibility can spot misconfigurations, faults or anomalies that can lead to cyber attack. To prevent this we need to continuously monitor the network activities.
  • build cross-industry collaboration – last but not least, we need to ensure that all the different stakeholders sit at the same table. To develop security solutions, systems integrators among others. Also, it is important that security experts and regulators collaborate together also communicate with each other on a solution.

To conclude, Smart Buildings reduce costs but cannot guarantee 100% security because we all have to face the challenges too.

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