Smart water : early flood detection system in Argentina

Smart water: early flood detection system in Argentina

Argentina village La Emilia is flood-prone. As a result of which the government decided to construct retraining dikes to dam the water to prevent flooding. All this was done by the help of Libelium Sensors technology and sensors like Pluviometer, Wind direction, Wind Speed, Ultra Sound Sensor. Rack 2 also collaborated in the project by implementing LoraWan network as the main communication protocol. 4G as a redundant communication protocol for those municipalities where telecommunication infrastructure was not good enought. The aim of the project is to resolve the problem of its citizens and to solve their problem they are dealing with unchangingly.

La Emilia, small town in Argentina

La Emilia is a small town in San Nicolás Partido of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. A small town which is situated next to ‘Arroyo del Medio’ river which has encountered various flood alerts. La Emilia is the most vulnerable village to flooding. After the 1966 massive flood. The local authorities constructed retaining dikes to prevent flooding in the future. However, these infrastructures were not strong enough neither high to prevent the flooding that occured in the austral summer of 2017.

La Emilia is the most vulnerable village to flooding
La Emilia is the most vulnerable village to flooding

Why an early flood detection and warning system is important in Argentina?

According to DREF Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA), in the early 2019, 30,000 of people were affected to flooding in the Northern Argentina. Due to these calamities, the local government implemented a plan. A plan which is developed with Libelium Sensors technology to prevent flooding and future tragedies. The plan was to increase the height of previous dikes and the implementation of a warning system and early detection to prevent flood in the river basin.

30,000 of people were affected to flooding in the Northern Argentina
30,000 of people were affected to flooding in the Northern Argentina

Rack2

Rack 2, a corporation which has engaged in IT and telecommunication solutions for over 15 years, implemented the early detection and warning system. Before the deployment of the project, specialists studied and analysed the most relevant locations to install the sensors. Also, the Water Authorities of Province of Bueno Aires aims not only to risk alerts but to produce a satisfactory waterflow to monitor and record its behaviour as well as to make the project successful through a permanent water monitoring system

Libelium wireless sensor platform to monitor the river efficiently

The Libelium wireless sensor platform was placed in four different locations to monitor the river efficiently in the Province of Bueno Aires such as:

  • La Emilia
  • Puente Figueredo
  • Conesa

Additionally, the sensor has also been installed in Peyrano in the Province of Santa Fe.

Libelium Sensors technology to prevent flooding and future tragedies
Libelium Sensors technology to prevent flooding and future tragedies

To be able to forecast and observe the weather as well as the river water level, which are the vital and principal parameters to be studied by the use of Waspmode Plug and Sense! Smart Agriculture Pro. As a result of which, the following sensors were installed to serve that purpose:

  • Pluviometer
  • Wind direction
  • Wind Speed
  • Ultra Sound Sensor
  • Temperature, relative humidity and air pressure.

LoRawan and 4G as a communication protocol

Rack 2 also implemented LoraWan network as the main communication protocol as well as the 4G as a redundant communication protocol for those municipalities where telecommunication infrastructure was not good enough.

The role of Rack 2’s sense2cloud platform

Rack 2’s sense2cloud platform analyze and examine the status of the sensors every 30 minutes and receive warning alerts in case the river water levels go beyond the parameters’ thresholds.

How can this project serves the Water authorities and population?

Due to this ‘smart water project’, the population can have a real-time information about the condition of the river. Water authorities can carry out their studies of statistics by accessing the data. The program is a project with high political and social impact for the community and does not have a monetary return on investment itself.

To conclude, this project aims to resolve the problem of its citizens and to solve their problem they are dealing with unchangingly. As the CEO of Rack 2, Marcelo Silvestri said that the early warning systems offers optimal results, it prevents the risks of flooding and inform their residents about the future tragedies.

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