According to United Nations prediction, by 2050, 68 percent of people will live in cities. Therefore, the cities must be prepared to accommodate a huge number of citizens as well as to facilitate their lives. India, China, and Nigeria will represent 35 percent of the planned urban population growth between 2018 and 2050. How Technologies Are Building Smart Cities of tomorrow?
A smart and sustainable city urban planning has an effect on everyone. Therefore, it is important to know and understand the technologies involved in building up a smart city. Also, how they can help to achieve the goal of urban transformation into a truly smart city of tomorrow.
Fifth-Generation wireless (5G)
To begin with, in a smart city, nothing can be done without a powerful network. Service providers are working continuously on 5G technologies and how to power all smart city networks. It also helps the industries and societies for better connectivity.
Sensors make up the Internet of Things ecosystem. Most of the things we use nowadays include sensors that collects and transmits data to the cloud. Additionally, IoT connects all the devices and makes them work together.
Several sensors are used in IoT . (for instance: see the below image)
Internet of Things (IoT)
IoT provides better connectivity for smart devices, smart home appliances/services, smart entertainment, smart buildings, smart agriculture among others. IoT keeps everything connected in a city. It also provides smart solutions to every situation and problems.
To build urban planning for smart cities, use of detailed data, analysis etc are important. This is exactly the role of Geolocation or Geospatial technologies, providing the underlying foundation to build every smart city solution.
Furthermore, Geospatial technology provides necessary framework and location. The latter collects and analyses the data and transforming it in such a way to facilitate software-based solutions around smart city infrastructure.
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
It is important to use AI to generate data and value . AI analyses the collected data from Machine-to-Machine (M2M) interaction.
AI can plays a key role from improving traffic to smart parking management among others.
Moreover, AI permits the city management to exactly understands how the city is functioning.
Artificial Intelligence can help in (non-exhaustive list):
- power grid management
- drone delivery
- autonomous postal services
- healthcare facility units
Integrating robots in urban places is rapidly changing the advanced cities into real smart cities. Cities like Dubai, Tokyo, and Singapore provide an example of how robots in the real world can co-live with human beings.
Experts believes that working robots can bring various facilities to societies in various fields.
In 2020, Japan will introduce robot taxis for the tourists travelling to their country for the Olympic Games. Also, smart chairs for Paralympians at the airport. The social robots will also interact with humans in 20 different languages. The robots are also going to translate to help communicate with locals in Japanese.
This may sound like a science fiction movie but its a reality that is going to happen soon.
Rotterdam and Netherlands also have working social robots in public services. In Dubai’s flying taxi was tested in airspace in 2017, was developed by the German drone firn Velocopter. And the country, will soon replace 25% of its police force with police robots by 2030.
Singapore hotels is also using service robots to clean rooms. They are also thinking to use robots in pre-school education.
To conclude, we can see how technologies helps a lot in building a smart city.Each of these technologies work along to smarten up a city and provide solutions to humans. Technology saves times and resources also reduces waste and stress. Cities have to deal with challenges everywhere, therefore advanced technologies can tackle these problems. To that end, the breathtaking technology that makes cities smart also makes them wise.